2013年7月4日木曜日

福山城 英語案内スクリプト

通訳ガイドの資格を持つ友人と、以前作成した英語案内原稿。

なるべく簡単な英語を使って作成しました。

福山城を英語で案内する機会があれば、参考にしてください。




FUKUYAMA CASTLE

Location: Fukuyama City, Hiroshima Pref., Japan
(Right behind the JR Fukuyama train station)



1.福山城外観

The Fukuyama castle was built by the lord of this region called Mizuno Katsunari about 400 years ago.
*水野勝成(徳川家康のいとこ)。人物名はゆっくり、はっきりと言う。

At that time the castle was a strong fortress and a symbol of power.

石垣や矢狭間や鉄砲狭間について
Even today you can see massive stone walls, some watchtowers and many loopholes in the walls.
*loopholes = 狭間(さま)。矢狭間や鉄砲狭間などがある。

When enemies came, samurai warriors shot arrows and firearms from these holes.

The round ones were for firearms and the rectangular ones were for arrows.


Before World War II the castle tower was a national treasure, but it was burnt down during the war.
*castle tower = 天守閣
*national treasure = 国宝

After the war, it was reconstructed by Fukuyama people.

The appearance is almost like the original one.

We can see five floors from the outside, but actually it has one basement and six floors inside.

The inside is a museum.



2.筋鉄御門(すじがねごもん)、国の重要文化財



This is the main gate to the castle tower.

It is about 400 years old.

The iron bars are for reinforcement.

People usually used the side door.
The lord and some important persons used the main door.

The top of the gate is a watchtower.



3.伏見櫓(ふしみやぐら)、国の重要文化財

This is Fushimi Yagura.

Yagura means a watchtower or turret.

This turret was moved from a castle of Kyoto called Fushimi castle about 400 years ago.

That’s why it is called Fushimi Yagura.

Fushimi Yagura and the main gate are original.

*櫓(やぐら) = watchtower, turret.


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◆Vocabulary

君主、領主 くんしゅ、りょうしゅ lord
しろ castle
御殿 ごてん palace
天守閣 てんしゅかく castle tower
要塞 ようさい fortress
石垣 いしがき stone wall
やぐら watchtower, turret
狭間 さま loophole
鉄砲 てっぽう firearm
筋鉄 すじがね iron bar
補強 ほきょう reinforcement
ほり moat
徳川幕府 とくがわばくふ the Tokugawa Shogunate




◆参考リンク

Guide to Japanese Castles
http://www.jcastle.info/

Wikipedia: Fukuyama Castle
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fukuyama_Castle

福山城博物館公式サイト
http://www.city.fukuyama.hiroshima.jp/fukuyamajyo/

福山城の魅力発見!~福山城をとりまく文化ゾーンめぐり~
http://www.bunkacky.jp/magazine/detail.php?id=28